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Unit 1: Glossary

Kiswahili English
-ake his or hers (jina lake his name/her name)
-amkia to greet
-angu my (kaka yangu my brother)
asante thanks
baba father
-bisha hodi to say 'knock knock'
cha of (chuo Kikuu cha Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania)
chuo kikuu university; college
-dogo small, young (Dade mdogo - younger sister; kak'e' mdogo - younger brother)
dada sister
-enda go
hapa here
hodi! hodi! knock! knock!
habari news
haya okay
huyu this (used with a singular person)
-itika to respond
-jambo greeting form (hawajambo - they are fine; hujambo - you are fine; sijambo - I'm fine)
-jibu answer, respond
jina (majina) name (names)
-kaa live, reside, sit; kaeni, you all sit, ukae, you sit,
kaka brother
karibu welcome (can also mean near, close); Karibuni, welcome all (can also be used as an adverb to mean 'recently'
katika in, inside
-kubwa big, great, older, kaka mkubwa, big brother or older brother
kwaheri goodbye(kwaherini, goodbye all)
labee usually used by women to respond to a call (also abe or be)
mama mother
marahaba an appropriate response to shikamoo, the manner in which an elder responds to a greeting from a junior
mchana afternoon, between noon and four o'clock (or day time)
mko you all are
mgeni (wageni) guest (guests)
mimi I
mji (miji) town (towns)
na and
ni am/is/are
ndiyo yes
nyumbani home; at the house
nzuri good (-zuri)
-ona see, watch, look, observe, onana, see each other
salama peaceful
sana very
sasa now
shikamoo an appropriate greetings from a minor or a junior to a senior person/elder
shule school
-toka come out, come from, exit, emerge, get out (ninatoka Kiambu I come from Kiambu)
tayari ready
tu only, just
wenyewe occupants (of the house); also means yourselves, themselves, ourselves
watoto (mtoto) children (child)
za of (habari za nyumbani news of home)


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